The American Psychological Association (APA) style guide helps writers maintain a uniform way of writing and in particular, writing numbers. Because APA style is used for scientific and clinical.
Numbers are used in all sorts of scholarly works. For example, writers may report numerical information about participants (number of participants, demographic information such as age, etc.) as well as the results of statistical analyses.
APA Rules for Numbers 10 and Above The sixth edition of the APA style guide states that figures should be used to represent numbers 10 and above (e.g., 15 of the participants). Figures are also used to group numbers above and below 10 together for comparison (e.g., 4 of 26 groups); to depict time, dates and age (e.g., 5 years ago, 6 hr 30 min); and to denote a location in a book or table (e.g.
Numbers expressed in numerals are covered in Section 6.32 of the APA Publication Manual,. Also use numerals to write numbers that denote a specific place in a numbered series when the number comes after the noun. Connect with APA Style.
Numbers in APA. Note: This page reflects the 6th edition of the APA manual, which is now out of date.It will remain online until 2021, but will not be updated. There is currently no equivalent 7th edition page, but we're working on one.
General Format. Note: This page reflects the latest version of the APA Publication Manual (i.e., APA 7), which released in October 2019. The equivalent resource for the older APA 6 style can be found here. Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in APA.
Per APA 7, Section 6.32, use numerals to express numbers 10 or above (e.g., 11, 23, 256). Per Section 6.33, write out numbers as words to express numbers up to nine (e.g., three, seven, eight). Take the APA Style Diagnostic Quiz to test your knowledge.
Numbers in APA Style The American Psychological Association’s (2010) Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association provides extensive information and examples on using numbers. This tip will focus on the basics, so please refer to the manual for more information.
An APA format reference page is easier to create than you probably think. We go into detail on how to create this page on our APA Works Cited page. If you’re simply looking for a brief overview of the reference page, we’ve got you covered here. Here are some pointers to keep in mind when it comes to the references page in APA format.
Learn when to write out numbers or use numerals in your writing based on the rules of the Chicago, APA, and MLA style guides.
The American Psychological Association style is widely used for academic writing in the sciences and social sciences. Numbered lists fall under the “Headings and Seriation” APA guidelines according to the sixth edition of the.
What Is APA Format? Whether you’re taking an introductory or a graduate-level psychology class, chances are strong that you will have to write at least one paper during the course of the semester. In almost every case, you will need to write your paper in APA format, the official publication style of the American Psychological Association.
Expressing Numbers: APA. Use Numerals for the Following: 1. Numbers below ten involved in comparisons with larger numbers and instances of the same item later in the paragraph, e.g., Halu asked 5 of the 10 hockey players to help him pick up a girl. The 5 pretended to attack him to gain her sympathy.
How to Write Large Numbers By Erin Wright Leave a Comment According to the Astrophysical Journal, our universe is home to 200 trillion galaxies—that’s ten times more than the 200 billion galaxies previously believed to be in existence. 1 I can’t envision 200 billion galaxies, let alone 200 trillion.
For example, the APA stylebook recommends the numbers zero through nine be spelled out and that all numbers after nine be written numerically from ten through one million. Here are a few examples of how you might write out numbers exceeding 999,999: 2 million, 25 million, 30,123,321 or 3.8 billion.Generally, for numbers less than 10, spell out the number, e.g., “nine”. For numbers 10, or more, use the number. One notable exception to this rule is when numbers are used as units of measure, such as days, months, and years - in which case, use.When to write numbers in words Write in words all numbers under one hundred, rounded numbers and ordinal numbers. For general academic writing, you need to write these numbers in words: all numbers under one hundred (e.g. ninety-nine) rounded numbers (e.g. four hundred, two thousand, six million) and ordinal numbers (e.g. third, twenty-fifth).